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Types of Acne (And How to Treat Them)

Updated: Dec 14, 2023

Acne isn't just about appearances – it's a comprehensive disorder that can throw a curveball at your physical, emotional, and psychological well-being. From pesky blackheads to fiery flare-ups, it's a rollercoaster that goes beyond the surface. At LEINE, we understand these devastating effects. The Acne Clear Skin Solution Program was created to provide you the best acne resources!


The first step to clear skin is understanding your acne type. Armed with this knowledge and LEINE’s support, you'll be well-equipped to take on those stubborn blemishes. 


Listen up: acne can be categorized into two primary groups – inflammatory and non-inflammatory. Each acne situation is its own puzzle, frequently blending elements from both categories.




Non-Inflammatory Acne


Let's kick off with the first type of acne – the non-inflammatory variety, which happens to be the more manageable bunch.


Treating non-inflammatory acne is a tad simpler, and you won't have to deal with the discomfort and soreness that inflammation often brings along.


WHITEHEADS (CLOSED COMEDONES) 

Whiteheads are arguably one of the most common types of acne.


Here's the lowdown: Pores throw a party and get all clogged up with a combo of dead skin cells and sebum. They end up trapped under layers of skin and leave a white pustule. 


Cracking the treatment code: Exfoliation is the secret weapon against this type of acne. By shedding those layers of dead skin, you pave the way for whiteheads and congestion to make their grand exit. It's like giving your skin a VIP pass to a smoother, clearer complexion! 


Chemical exfoliation such as glycolic acid (AHA) works wonders. Alternatively, enzymes found in goodies like pineapple, pumpkin, or papaya are fantastic options. These enzymatic superheroes munch away at dead skin like a Pac Man, leaving you with a complexion that's not just smoother but also radiantly refreshed. 


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BLACKHEADS 

Blackheads are open comedones, often setting up camp on the nose. They make themselves at home when pores become playgrounds for a mix of oil buildup, dead skin cells, and sometimes, a dash of bacteria. The signature dark shade kicks in when this buildup meets the air and gets oxidized. It simply means your blackheads are not playing hide-and-seek beneath layers of skin but are rather out in the open, ready to make their exit. 


How to Treat: 

Professional extractions work wonders, especially with this type of acne. The extraction process physically clears out the buildup in your pores and can bid farewell to those blackheads for good.


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Inflammatory Acne


Now, let's dive into the world of inflammatory acne – the more intricate types that bring a touch more complexity. 


Inflammatory acne rolls in with different levels of intensity – mild, moderate, and severe. Unlike their non-inflammatory counterparts, these troublemakers bring bacteria to the skincare soirée causing red, swollen, and sometimes painful pimples.


Other factors that can turn your acne into an inflammatory fiesta include poor sleep habits, indulging in sugary delights, stress, and underlying gut imbalances. 


PAPULES 

Papules appear as small, raised bumps on the surface of the skin. They are firm to the touch and don’t have a yellow or white center of pus. When a papule does accumulate pus, it becomes a pustule. 


How to Treat: 

Skincare with benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid will work wonders. Maintain a consistent skincare routine with one of these ingredients to see best results in 8-12 weeks. 


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PUSTULES 

Pustules, the red breakouts with a pus-filled crown, make a grand entrance when your hair follicles get stirred up by oil, dead skin, and bacteria. Here's the golden rule: resist the urge to pop these royal guests – it only adds fuel to their fire.


Treatment tip: Keep those hands away! Squeezing pustules is a no-go – it can exacerbate issues, potentially causing scars or spreading bacteria. Maintain hygiene by changing your pillowcases regularly, using clean towels, and embracing antibacterial solutions like salicylic acid. 


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CYSTS 

Cystic acne is severe inflammatory acne. It takes residence deep beneath your skin's surface. Pain and discomfort often accompany these unwanted guests. Cysts might exhibit a soft texture and occasionally give the impression of being filled with liquid, but attempting extraction is a strict no-go! 🚫


How to Treat:

  • Azelaic acid or salicylic acid to kill bacteria and get rid of excess dead skin cells.

  • Benzoyl peroxide to reduce the number of bacteria on the skin.

  • Retinoids, vitamin A derivatives that help slough dead skin cells.


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So, there you have it—all the unique types of acne! Everyone's skin is different, so what works for one person might not work for another. It's all about finding the right balance of skin care products and techniques that work best for your skin type. If you deal with skin issues like acne, book the Acne Clear Skin Solution (New Patient) treatment with LEINE so I can take a closer look and get you on the best methods for your skin.



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